Sunday, 9 September 2012

Definition of Tourism

Tourism

Tourism is travel for recreational, leisure or business purposes. The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people "traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes".

Tourism has become a popular global leisure activity. In 2011, there were over 983 million international tourist arrivals worldwide, representing a growth of 4.6% when compared to 940 million in 2010.International tourism receipts (the travel item of the balance of payments) grew to US$1.03 trillion (€740 billion) in 2011, corresponding to an increase in real terms of 3.8% from 2010. In 2011, international travel demand continued to recover from the losses resulting from the late-2000s recession, where tourism suffered a strong slowdown from the second half of 2008 through the end of 2009. After a 5% increase in the first half of 2008, growth in international tourist arrivals moved into negative territory in the second half of 2008, and ended up only 2% for the year, compared to a 7% increase in 2007.The negative trend intensified during 2009, exacerbated in some countries due to the outbreak of the H1N1 influenza virus, resulting in a worldwide decline of 4.2% in 2009 to 880 million international tourists arrivals, and a 5.7% decline in international tourism receipts.



Tourism is important, and in some cases, vital for many countries. It was recognized in the Manila Declaration on World Tourism of 1980 as "an activity essential to the life of nations because of its direct effects on the social, cultural, educational and economic sectors of national societies and on their international relations.

 effect of medical tourism

 

 

World tourism statistics and rankings

Most-visited countries by international tourist arrivals

Rank Country UNWTO
Region
International
tourist
arrivals
(2011)
International
tourist
arrivals
(2010)
Change
2010
to 2011
1  France Europe 79.5 million 77.1 million +3.0%
2  United States North America 62.3 million 59.8 million +4.2%
3  China Asia 57.6 million 55.7 million +3.4%
4  Spain Europe 56.7 million 52.7 million +7.6%
5  Italy Europe 46.1 million 43.6 million +5.7%
6  Turkey EuroAsia 29.3 million 27.0 million +8.7%
7  United Kingdom Europe 29.2 million 28.3 million +3.2%
8  Germany Europe 28.4 million 26.9 million +5.5%
9  Malaysia Asia 24.7 million 24.6 million +0.6%
10  Mexico North America 23.4 million 23.3 million +0.5%

 

International tourism receipts

International tourism receipts grew to US$1.03 trillion (€740 billion) in 2011, corresponding to an increase in real terms of 3.8% from 2010. The World Tourism Organization reports the following countries as the top ten tourism earners for the year 2011, with the United States by far the top earner.
Rank Country UNWTO
Region
International
tourism
receipts
(2011)
1  United States North America $116.3 billion
2  Spain Europe $59.9 billion
3  France Europe $53.8 billion
4  China Asia $48.5 billion
5  Italy Europe $43.0 billion
6  Germany Europe $38.8 billion
7  United Kingdom Europe $35.9 billion
8  Australia Oceania $31.4 billion
9  Macao (China) Asia $27.8 billion
10  Hong Kong (China) Asia $27.2 billion

International tourism expenditure

The World Tourism Organization reports the following countries as the top ten biggest spenders on international tourism for the year 2011.
Rank Country UNWTO
Region
International
tourism
expenditure
(2011)
1  Germany Europe $84.3 billion
2  United States North America $79.1 billion
3  China Asia $72.6 billion
4  United Kingdom Europe $50.6 billion
5  France Europe $41.7 billion
6  Canada North America $33.0 billion
7  Russia Europe $32.5 billion
8  Italy Europe $28.7 billion
9  Japan Asia $27.2 billion
10  Australia Oceania $26.9 billion

Most-visited cities by international tourist arrivals

Top 10 most visited cities by estimated number of international visitors by selected year
Rank City Country International
visitors
(millions)
Year Notes
1 Paris  France 15.6 2011 Extrapolation, excluding outer suburbs visitors
2 London  United Kingdom 15.2 2011
3 Antalya  Turkey 10.5 2011 May include same-day visitors
4 New York City  United States 10.3 2011 Projection, may include same-day visitors
5 Singapore  Singapore 9.2 2010 Excluding Malaysian citizens arriving by land
6 Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia 9.0 2011 Only hotel guests
7 Hong Kong  Hong Kong (China) 8.7 2011 Excluding Mainland Chinese visitors
8 Dubai  United Arab Emirates 8.1 2011 Only hotel and hotel apartment guests
9 Istanbul  Turkey 8.1 2011 May include same-day visitors
10 Bangkok  Thailand 7.2 2010

 

Tag - Top 10 most visited cities 

No comments:

Post a Comment

LinkWithin

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...